As a number of people have started to adopt new technology, the demand for developing innovative mobile apps is also increasing. Every company wants to build mobile apps with faster speed, high performance, and fewer resources.Google’s Flutter and Facebook’s React Native are the two cross-platform app development technologies that are competing to prove themselves best. Both Apple and Google have given native tools and technologies to develop apps.
iOS app developers utilize Xcode and Swift whereas Android developers use Kotlin/Java and Android Studio. But today, companies prefer cross-platform technology over native solutions to create apps for Android and iOS using a single codebase.
Flutter vs React Native
1. Programming Language
Flutter uses Dart, a programming language introduced by Google. It uses the latest features of various languages to code amazing native apps. People who have experience in building an app in Java and C++ can easily understand and use Dart.
2. Technical Architecture
Flutter uses Dart that carries intuitive elements so it is larger in size and usually does not need a bridge to connect with the native modules. It uses Skia C++ which consists of multiple protocols, channels, and composition.
Flutter can be set up by downloading binary for a precise platform from Github. It enhances the installation procedure by promoting package managers such as APT, YUM, MacPorts, and more.
4. Setup & Project Configuration
The setup procedure of Flutter is easy and straightforward. It has a facility of automated checking of system issues where it informs you whether necessary plugins have been installed and configured correctly.
The installation guide of React Native has very little information which won’t be enough. There is no setup guide available for Android projects.
5. UI Components & Development API
Flutter is loaded with UI rendering elements, API access, testing, tons of libraries, and navigation. Its improved set of elements eradicates the need for using third-party libraries. In addition, it has widgets for Cupertino and Material Design that helps developers to render the UI on iOS as well as Android easily.
React Native offers only UI rendering and device API access. It depends on third-party libraries to access many native modules.
6. Developer Productivity
Flutter is very easy to get started using a demo app and has an incredible reload feature. However, Dart is not common and there is a deficiency of support in IDEs and text editors. So developers require learning and adapting its modern concepts.
In React Native, developers are free to utilize IDEs and text editors. It is less time consuming as it tests the changes in the UI.
7. Testing Support
Flutter comes with enriched features to test apps at unit, integration and unit level. Its widget testing feature allows you to make widget tests to test the UI and operate them at the speed of unit tests.
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